# Gain Insight Into Your Crypto PnL: Learn How To Calculate It

• Profit and Loss (PnL) is a metric used to evaluate the financial performance of a trader or investor in the crypto market.
• PnL calculation involves using methods such as FIFO, LIFO, YTD and more.
• It is calculated by taking into account the change in value of a trader’s positions over a certain period of time.

## Understanding Profit and Loss (PnL) in Cryptocurrency Trading

Profit and loss (PnL) is an important metric used to measure the financial gains or losses from buying and selling cryptocurrencies. This metric allows traders to evaluate their performance in the cryptocurrency market, by taking into account the change in value of their positions over a certain period of time. PnL calculation involves various methods such as FIFO, LIFO, YTD and more.

## Mark-to-Market (MTM)

Mark-to-market (MTM) is an accounting process that values an asset or financial instrument based on its current market price or fair value. When it comes to cryptocurrency trading, if an investor holds a certain amount of Bitcoin (BTC), for example, then its value will fluctuate according to the current market price. The formula for calculating PnL is: MTM Price today minus MTM Price yesterday = Profit/loss. For instance, if Ether’s (ETH) MTM price today is \$1,970 while yesterday it was \$1,950 then this indicates a profit of \$20 (\$1,970 – \$1,950 = +\$20). On the other hand if ETH’s MTM price was \$1,980 yesterday then this would be indicative of a loss of \$10 (\$1,970 – \$1,980 = -\$10).

## Future Value

Future value refers to how much an asset will be worth at some point in the future. For example when staking Tron (TRX), if one invests \$1000 with 4% yearly reward then after one year they can expect to gain back around \$1040 (\$1000 x 1.04 = 1040). At the beginning there will be present value but as future values are impossible to predict accurately there could be countless different outcomes depending on what happens between now and then. Future Value can also be used differently – when traders are trying to decide whether they should keep or sell their digital coins they may use future values as part of their decision making process; however these estimations are sometimes unreliable due to unforeseen circumstances like sudden changes in market conditions which could result in varying returns for investors who make decisions based on them.

## Realized & Unrealized PnL

Realized PnL is calculated when profits/losses actually occur – i.e., when assets are bought/sold for cash rather than just being held for appreciation/depreciation purposes only; whereas unrealized PnL measures potential profits/losses made by simply holding onto digital coins without any cash transactions involved yet – e..g prices changing due volatility etcetera . Realised profits become part of taxable income whereas unrealised ones remain just estimates until actual sale takes place meaning they don’t have any tax implications yet unless monies exchanged hands through buying/selling activities executed within that particular accounting period being assessed by tax authorities etcetera .

## Conclusion

Profit and Loss (PnL) is an important concept that helps traders evaluate their performance within the crypto markets by allowing them understand changes in values over specific periods time through methods such as mark-to-market calculations , future valuations , realised & unrealised metrics etcetera . Having insight into these metrics helps investors gain better understanding regarding how their investments may perform both short term & long term thus helping them make better informed decisions about which cryptocurrencies best fit their portfolios & risk appetite levels .